Windows Server 2012 R2-Chapter8-Group Policy Management Folder Redirection. Group Policy Settings:-
One of the challenges that our users actually face when working in large enterprise environments is that they sit down at the computer and they do things at that local computer to make their environment comfortable for themselves. And then they have to move to another computer, and everything that they did to customize and make it comfortable for themselves goes away. And the reason why is that by default, user profiles are stored locally. Now in the old days, we would solve this through the use of something called roaming user profiles.
But roaming user profiles come with some significant challenges of their own, primarily surrounding network bandwidth in that the entire profile needs to be downloaded to an individual computer when a user log in and uploaded when the user logs off. So the way we resolve this problem in Windows Server 2012 is through something called folder redirection. So here we are, I'm already on DC01 and I'm looking at the Group Policy Management tool. And in order to demonstrate folder redirection, I want to show you that inside my sales organizational unit, I've already created a GPO called Folder Redirection.
Understand that this has just been named Folder Redirection. I haven't actually set anything up, okay? So this is just a blank GPO that I've newly created just for the sake of demonstrating. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to right-click on this GPO and select Edit. Inside the Group Policy Management Editor, under User Configuration, I'm going to expand Policies, I'll expand Windows Settings, then here you'll see we have Folder Redirection. Now let me expand this bar over a little bit so we have room to see, because I'm going to expand Folder Redirection and show you that there's a number of different objects that can be redirected.
Now what do we mean by redirect? Well, these objects that we see in the list here are all things that can be found as a part of the user's local profile, okay, which means that they're stored on a local computer. We can take any and all of these items and we can make them look local to the user but actually store them out on a server. Now the one that I'm going to use here in this demonstration is the one that's probably done more often than anything else, and that is the documents folder. And the reason why is because this is more than just a customization of a user's work environment, this also solve the issue of not having user store things on their own local computer, right? We want them out on servers where we can back them up and we can have control over them.
So I'm going to right-click on the Documents folder, and select Properties. You'll see that it's currently not configured. And in order to configure, we have two options. The first option is called basic, which is where we redirect everyone's folder to the same network location. And when we say everyone, it doesn't necessarily mean everyone in the entire enterprise. Remember, it's only everyone that's being affected by this particular group policy object. But in the event that this GPO is affecting too many users to store in one location, we do have an advanced option where we can specify individual locations for different Windows groups, all right? So they're both done pretty much the same way other than one, you have to set up multiple locations and the other, you just set up one location.
So to demonstrate, I'm going to choose basic. From there, you'll see here that it's going to create a folder for each user under the root path. And the path that I'm going to choose in order to show you this, let me click Browse for a moment, we're not going to do it this way but I want to show you, if I click Browse, on the local C drive of this computer, I just want to show you I did actually create some folders and one of them here is called SalesUserDocs, and I've also shared that folder. So I've created that network location that we're going to redirect to. Now the reason I'm going to hit Cancel instead of just selecting it, is because you don't want to select a local path.
What I want to do is put in double backslash, DC01, which is the name of the server, backslash, salesuserdocs, which is the name of the share, and you'll notice that it automatically, down here, is giving you an example that says if you had a user named Claire, inside this share, we're going to create a folder for Claire and then we're going to create a documents folder inside of that folder, all right? So this is all going to be done for you by the system. You only have to point to the one shared location. Now before we actually apply these settings, I would like to show you that there is another tab here, it's actually the Settings tab, and there's a few extra items here you can select.
Tags: Windows Server 2012 R2-Chapter8-Group Policy Management Folder Redirection, Group Policy Management, Folder Redirection, Group Policy Management Folder Redirection, Windows Server, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, Group Policy Scripts